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英語は外國人教師だから教えられる アルファベットから始める英語教育改革試案 母音の数だけでも、日本語と英語では、大きな差があります。日本語の母音は「アイウエオ」の五つですが、英語では基本的な母音だけでも実際の「5+1個」もあります.(変化17個もあります)。日本語の母音と同じ音は、たったのひとつ、 / e /([エ]) だけです。残りの母音(4個)は、英語の母音とは違う音(微妙に違う)で、これら(17−1=11個)は、すべて日本語にはない音なので、新しい音として覚えなければなりません。これらの外にも「16個ほどの母音」があり、これらもちゃんと発音できるようにならなくてはなりません。
英語音声の発音のルール子音
2009/12/30 18:55:15 ブログカテゴリ 勉強 | 書庫 AA

3子音

1) [p] pen pear play pig pour pull push

2) [b] book big boot bike bread break

3) [t] tree two ten ton town twenty city

4) [d] door dull desk dose do dog dictionary

5) [k] king kite key look cook book kitchen sky (発音のアルファベットk)

card cat cream correct climb come account accept (発音のアルファベット c)

fox box oxygen x-ray (発音のアルファベット x)

school schedule schema (モノグラム ch)

6) [g] girl good goal goat grade long language

7) [m] man make moon morning move come comb

8) [n] pen ten nine fine night noon moon clean

9) [N] uncle bank English think thank junk

sing king morning evening

10) [l] long land lend lord fly flag black

world cold could goal soul

11) [r] read red right run room write

12) [f] five fly fine flag frog fog roof knife life wife (アルファベットf

cough laugh rough(アルファベットgh

physic photo phone (ph)

13) [v] very evening even every voice vest( アルファベットv)

of (モノグラムf)

14) [s] six sit student same seat kiss miss case scarf (発音のアルファベットs)

license city cease cedar ceiling celebrate (発音のアルファベットc)

licence piece juice science lance space ace (モノグラムce)

15) [z] zoo zebra zero zap (z)

close nose hose suppose pause those whose (se)

16) [θ] think thank three thirty tooth mouth

17) [ð] that this those these though

18) [ʃ] sheep shoulder ship shoe she brush wash (sh)

nation attention station

social special

sure

19) [ʒ] pleasure

20) [h] hot hop home house horse how who

21) [w] when what where window wind wood

22) [j] yes year yell you your yolk yellow

23) [tʃ] child chicken china chair lunch ouch teach (モノグラムch

catch watch match (モノグラムtch)

24) [dʒ] age language cabbage vegetable stage bridge

joy enjoy join July June junk

25) [tr] tree country try treat track trunk

26) [dr] dry dream drop drive drink

27) [ts] students boots boats goats nuts

28) [dz] goods woods moods hoods

4子音の混乱を招く

[v] [w]

vest west vet wet vine wine very well

[s] [θ]

sink think mass math miss myth sort sought

[z] [θ]

close cloth breeze breathe

[n] [ŋ]

thin thing sin sing ran rang ban bang win wing

文字を組み合わせた音節のルール

1a [ei] [æ] [ə] [a:] [ɑ]

late private grade bake grape nation station page

active hand bank fan parent family glad flag

accept about above formative machine cinema

fast last glass class past father

wash what watch want

2e [i:] [e] [i] [ə] いいえ発音

appreciate extremely secret she me he

letter left message generate pebble

decide pretty previous result restore

problem prosperous student confident

active table late wife store lecture

3i [ai] [i]

high price library ice cream wife size line

fist pick chicken piano fiancé city unit

4o [əu] [u] [ʌ] [ə] [ɔ]

lode host cold note okay old home

lose do who whose prove

love some other mother honey company

today tomorrow together control collect

lost hot mock office soft honest

5u [ju] [u] [ʌ] [ə]

university refuse unique universe huge

put push pull full bull

but brush bucket duck bubble

support suggest

6c [k] ci ce [s]

country camp camera courage cable

city ceiling celebrate cell cease

7g [g] [dʒ]

girl grade glass glade bag flag

village vegetable bridge gentleman gym

  ng [ŋ]

long song sing morning evening

8) l [l] 別の発音

listen learn language collect English gorilla

world cold soil tall sell cool animal

9) n [n] [ŋ]

moon night noodle number

uncle hungry angry young

10) r [r] [ɑ:](アメリカ英語の発音)

right read write grade progress

card board door floor form north

11y [j] [i] [ai]

yellow year yell young yolk

university country pretty happy

dyke dying fly buy by my

12ar [a:] [ɔ] [ɔ:]

farm card garden mark

dollar

warm quarrel quarter

13) ea [i:] [e] [ei] [iə]

cease season breathe feature meat please

bread breast breath meadow weather

great break

idea realize

14) ear [ə:] [iə]

learn earth earn heard

hear near clear ear fear

15) er [ə:] [ə] [ər]

deserve serve her person

teacher driver anger singer

serious experience mysterious fierce

16 ere [iə] [ɛə]

here mere fere sere

there

17) ir [ə:] [ai]

shirt girl skirt

admire desire

18) oo [u:] [u] [ʌ] [ɔ:]

room tool cool moon noon goof food

good foot stood wood wool cook wood book

blood flood

door floor

19) or [ɔ:] [ə:] [ə]

short form corn born for

work world worm word worst

tractor doctor actor sector senior senator

20) oor [ɔ:] [uə]

door floor

moor poor boor

21) our [uə] [ɔ:]

hour tour flour bourn lour

pour court four mourn

22) ou [au] [ʌ] [ə]

house mouth mouse sound found

enough trouble touch

delicious gracious prosperous

23) ow [ə] [au]

window meadow know show low

now town how down cow

24) se [z] [s]

nose suppose gose lose pose rose

mouse house

25) th [W] [T]

thank think thought cloth

clothes that this then than

26) sion [ʃə] [ʒə]

propulsion tension progression passion

protrusion provision conclusion television

27) tion [ʃə] [tʃə] (珍しい)

station nation translation attention

question

6とについて、いくつかの概念の声を:

音素:音の最小単位は、英語で48音素ている。

音節:母音や子音の発音からは、ユニットを構成します。

母音:発音を大声で、イエスのトーンは、口のスムースな流れと音節の主要なコンポーネントです。英語に20の母音です。 子音:発音、ノイズ音ではない、空気の流れ口の妨げ英語、28の音節の重要な部分ではない

子音.

開音節: 1)子音+母音+子音+音声はありませんe kite cake name bike make take home plane shine

2)子音+母音 he hi go no do be tree three hello

閉音節: 1)子音+母音+子音 sit bed bad bag hot hop let mad map head

2)母音+子音 it is of in on up out ant



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英語音声の発音のルール母音
2009/12/30 18:54:34 ブログカテゴリ 勉強 | 書庫 AA

1 母音:

1) [i:] モノグラム:ee ea e ie

three tree green sheep meet beef see seek(ee)

eat tea meat leave lead teacher team mean speak clean please(ea)

he she me(e)

piece receive ceiling (ie,ei)

2) [i] 発音のアルファベット i y e

sit picture it is list six mix fix fit pig big build miss

myth many twenty happy dictionary

defect decide delicious

3) 発音のアルファベット a

bag hand and ant happy hat map mad bad black back glad flag shall man

4) [e] モノグラム ea e a

head bread pleasure

elephant electric remember sell shell lesson better bed desk hotel yes

many any

5) [ε:] モノグラムir ur ear er or

girl shirt skirt thirty thirteen third bird

turn burn murder nurse turtle Thursday burger

learn earn earth heard

term her nerd serve

work worm work world

6) [ε] モノグラム er or ou ar o a e u

teacher leader remember player speaker farmer powder

doctor actor mayor author tractor

delicious gracious

pleasure familiar

collar dollar together tomorrow today shallop lesson Washington control polite around account ago

elephant manta banana Canada Japan china men listen

famulus Saturday

7) [a:] モノグラム ar a

car farm card arm garden

fast class last glass plant aunt calm

8) [ʌ] 発音のアルファベット u o ou oo

up supper lunch fun gun hunt cup bus

come mother dose brother love above

trouble rough flourish

blood flood

9) [ɔ]モノグラム al or au our ar aw

small wall talk tall hall ball call walk

short more lord horse for forty sport door floor store

author caught autumn

four mourn court bought

warm quarrel quarter

draw saw flaw

10) [ɑ] 発音のアルファベット o a

hot lost lot fox box mop hop loss collar not

want wash

11) [u:] モノグラム oo o u

food moon room gloom broom doom goose tooth

shoe do two

true truth blue full

12) [u] モノグラム oo ou u

look good foot book

should could

put full bull pull push

woman wolf

13) [ei] モノグラム a ay ea ai ey

name cake late gate plane April

play say may way

great break

rain paint plain

they grey

14) [ai] 発音のアルファベット i y

bike fine find die nine light night high

my try fly eye

15) [au] モノグラム ou ow

house out flour ground account count sound loud around mouse

flower down now cow how town

16) [εu] 発音のアルファベット o ow oa

home cold go no phone host ghost

know low below grow blow show flow

boat coat goal

17) [ ɔi] モノグラムoy oi

boy toy joy

oil soil voice choice

18) [iε] モノグラム eer

 

beer deer ear idea near here fierce

19) [εə] モノグラムear air

pear bear chair air fair care there where

20) [uε] hour tour poor flower shower

[ei] [ai] [aU] [EU] [Ri] [i[] [Z[] [UE]

2 母音の混乱を招く

[æ] [e]

bad bed hand head man men land lend pan pen sad said

[i] [ei]

real rail greet great mean main read raid

[e] [ai]

bet bite red write said side head hide

[au] [ɔr]

house horse loud lord south sauce cloud clause now nor count corn

[au] [ɑ]

found fond down done gown gone town ton




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